The Central Highland cover the southern part of the Truong Son Moutain Range (Annamite Cordillera) and include the provinces of Lam Dong, Daklak, Gia Lai and Kon Tum. The region, which is home to many ethno-linguistic minority group, is renowned for its cool climate, moutain scenery and innumerable stream, lakes and waterfalls.

Although the population of the central highlands is only about two millian, the area has always been considered statergically important. During the American War, considerable fighting took place around Buon Ma Thuot, Pleiku and Kon Tum.

The western region of the central highland along the border with Cambodia and Laos in vast, fertile plateau with red soil of volcanic origin. The good soil and sparse population has not gone unnoticed the government has targeted the area for a massive resettlement programs. Most of the new settlers are farmer from the north of the country.

The western highlands area has lost most of its natural beauty. There are a few of remain forest remaining, but most of the trees were either destroyed by Agent Orange during the American War or have been stripped off to make way for agriculture. The only thing that really adds to bit of colour to this part of Vietnam are the Montagnards, particularly in the Kon Tum area.

Buon Ma Thuot or sometimes Buon Ma Thuat is the capital city of Dak Lak Province, in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. Its population is approximately 300,000. The city is the largest in Vietnam's Central Highlands region and is famous as the regional "capital of coffee".
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